Guide to NRE and NRO Accounts
Guide to NRE and NRO Accounts- NRIs (non-resident Indians) who manage earned income in India and abroad may benefit from having two different types of bank accounts in India, NRE (non-resident external) account, and NRO (non-resident regular) account. Both NRE and NRO accounts can be opened in the form of savings accounts, or existing, revolving, or fixed deposit accounts, and depending on your banking needs, one or both of you can help manage more easily the foreign entry obtained from India.
What is an NRE account?
An NRE account is an Indian Rupee account, which can be fixed freely. This form of NRI account can be in the form of current, recurring, or fixed savings or deposits. The income earned is considered outside India. The Indian Rupee cannot be deposited into this account, and only foreign currencies that will be converted into the Indian Rupee can be deposited at the time of the deposit. The interest earned on balances at the end of the quarter is free of any income tax. However, the NRI can send its overseas transfers to this type of account. The bank pays interest at their set prices on the balance.
See NRE Accounts section for a list of the best NRE accounts
What is an NRO account?
An NRO Account is a savings account or checking account located in India that helps NRIs manage income earned in India, such as rent, dividends, or a pension from abroad. The account holder can easily deposit and manage accumulated rupee funds through the NRO account. Foreign currencies deposited in the NRO account are converted into Indian rupees. Any NRI can open an NRO account.
For a comparison of the best NRO accounts, see the NRO Accounts section
NRIs can also transfer the current resident savings account to an NRO account when their status changes from resident to non-resident. An amount of at least Rs 10,000 should be kept in the NRO account on a daily basis. The Reserve Bank of India should be informed of any refunds made through this account. Guide to NRE and NRO Accounts
The difference between the NRE and NRO accounts
The differences between the NRE and NRO accounts are identified below in the following account features.
- Repatriation: Repatriation is defined as the sending or return of funds to a foreign country. You can easily return funds from an NRE account, including the interest earned on this account. However, RBI has put some restrictions on NRO accounts. You can only transfer up to $ 1 million in a fiscal year (April to March). Additionally, you will need a chartered accountant to complete the papers for you.
- Taxation Laws: NRE accounts are tax-exempt. Therefore, wealth taxes, income taxes, and gift taxes do not apply in India. The benefits gained from these accounts are also tax-exempt. However, according to Indian income tax laws, national income accounts are subject to tax; wealth taxes, income taxes, and gift taxes do not apply. The interest earned on the NRO account is also subject to tax. However, the reduced tax benefits are availed under the Double Tax Avoidance Agreement (DTAA).
- Deposit and Withdrawal of Funds: You can deposit funds from a foreign country (in foreign currency) into both NRE and NRO accounts, but funds from India (in Indian rupees) can only be deposited into an NRO account and cannot be deposited into an NRE account. Withdrawals from NRE and NRO accounts can only be made in INR.
- The flow of Funds: In an NRE account, repatriation outside India in any currency is permitted.
- Transfer: The NRE account allows you to transfer funds to another NRE account in addition to an NRO account. You can transfer funds to another NRO account from an NRO account, but you can not transfer funds from the NRO account to an NRE account.
- Joint Accounts: an NRE subscriber account or an NRO subscriber account can be opened by two NRIs. You can’t open a joint NRE account with an Indian citizen, though. This facility can only be accessed with an NRO Subscriber account.
- Motive or Purpose: The NRE account helps you transfer and maintain funds to India acquired abroad. Whereas, NRO accounts help maintain a steady flow of earned income in the form of rent, pensions, or profits from India.
- Effect of Exchange Rate Fluctuations: NRE accounts are exposed to two types of exchange losses, namely daily fluctuations in the denial value and conversion loss. NRO accounts do not run this risk. Choosing the right account would depend on looking at your financial needs and your family’s needs. If you anticipate having to return over a million dollars or if you want to keep savings in INR, then an NRE account might be the best option. If you want to keep the India-based earnings in INR, choose the NRO account. With both NRE and NRO accounts, you are managing your money is made as a more convenient and secure NRI.